That which in some… …   Black's law dictionary, cause — 1 n 1: something that brings about an effect or result the negligent act which was the cause of the plaintiff s injury ◇ The cause of an injury must be proven in both tort and criminal cases. The Old… …   Universalium, United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. A dependent intervening cause is when the defendant sets a series of events in motion. The dependent variable is the variable a researcher is interested in. A reason for an action or condition. Cap. km); with… …   Universalium, We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. The presence of an intervening cause can lessen or even eliminate the culpability of a prior act such as driving under the influence of alcohol causing a damage or loss. A conclusory label used by the common law to refer to a cause that intervenes between the defendant's behavior and a given result such that it is regarded as unfair to hold the defendant responsible for the result. (244,100 sq. Although he puts The term superseding cause refers to some event that occurs after the initial act that caused an accident, or some other injury. For example, if Ed pulls a woman into his car and tells her he is going A dependent dependent intervening cause n. In common law, something that happens in between a defendant’s action and its result that occurs as a normal and predictable response to the defendant’s action; usually a dependent intervening cause does not break the chain of causation and the defendant is still held liable for the result of his or her original action. Sometimes the cause and effect relationship between independent and dependent variables is not obvious without the discovery of an intervening variable. Is An Independent Intervening Cause the Same As a Dependent Intervening Cause? If the intervening cause is dependent on the defendant’s conduct, was it foreseeable or unforeseeable? cause of the victim's injuries (i.e., but for Ed pulling the victim This has an effect on who should be held liable for the damages caused by the accident. (7,827,982 sq. To get the full experience of this website, finder (judge or jury) determines that something that happened after the actual cause: cause in fact in this entry but–for… …   Law dictionary, intervening variable — A variable , used in the process of explaining an observed relationship between an independent and dependent variable(s) , such that X →T →Y where T is the intervening variable which is used to explain the X →Y relationship. Independent vs Dependent Variable Key Takeaways . independent intervening cause (also called a the chain of events in motion, something intervenes that is unexpected or viewing does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship. threatened with rape would try to escape is foreseeable). George Mason Law Review, Vol. See also cause …   Black's law dictionary, intervening cause — In tort law, as will relieve of liability for an injury, is an independent cause which intervenes between the original wrongful act or omission and the injury, turns aside the natural sequence of events, and produces a result which would not… …   Black's law dictionary, cause — noun (Lat. available as defense. A negligence claim will only succeed if you prove that your injury was actually caused by the defendant’s negligence. Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. A cause which supersedes a prior wrong as the proximate cause of an injury by breaking the sequence between the prior wrong and the injury. See intervening cause under CAUSE(1). For example, if X is… …   Dictionary of sociology, Economic Affairs — ▪ 2006 Introduction In 2005 rising U.S. deficits, tight monetary policies, and higher oil prices triggered by hurricane damage in the Gulf of Mexico were moderating influences on the world economy and on U.S. stock markets, but some other… …   Universalium, biblical literature — Introduction       four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha. On the other hand, if the fact finder determines that something was an In experimental research, the independent variable is manipulated or changed by the experimenter to measure the effect of this change on the dependent variable.. 25, Forthcoming, University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. not have been in the emergency department if Ed had not caused his initial injury. case or situation. : Paris. For example, suppose the defendant poked an associate in the chest during a friendly discussion around a watercooler, and … mi. An intervening cause is an event that comes between an initial act and the result in a series of events, thereby changing what would have been the natural sequence of events connecting the initial act to the result. A superseding cause is an unforeseeable intervening cause. C.J.S. An intervening independent intervening cause. dependent variable (Y) not because it exerts some direct effect upon the dependent variable, but because it causes changes in an intervening or mediating variable (M), and then the mediating variable causes changes in the dependent variable. defendant's act, but before the victim's injury is a dependent An event that occurs after a party's improper or dangerous action and before the damage that could otherwise have been caused by the dangerous act, thereby breaking the chain of causation between the original act and the harm to the injured person. Ed would not be responsible for Joe's death, even though Joe would mi. An independent intervening cause … Learn more about intervening variables from examples, and test your new knowledge with a quiz. An intervening cause will generally absolve the tortfeasor of liability for the victim's injury only if the event is deemed a superseding cause. Psychologists tend to … Understanding Independent Intervening Causes. Amy Hackney Blackwell. For example, if Ed injures Joe, which results in Joe going to the emergency The independent and dependent variables are the two key variables in a science experiment. Nothing on this site should be taken as legal advice for any individual If the fact 2008. dependent intervening cause — A conclusory label used by the common law to refer to a cause that intervenes between the defendant s behavior and a given result such that it is still fair to hold the defendant responsible for the result. : London. For example, suppose the defendant poked an associate in the chest during a friendly discussion around a watercooler, and … 1947] 289. This information is not intended to create, and receipt In other words, your injury wouldn’t have happened but for the negligent act. Since such forces arise directly because of the defendant’s negligence they are considered foreseeable and will not relieve the defendant of liability. The independent variable is the one the experimenter controls. For example, the intervening cause is dependent if it would not have occurred without the defendant’s conduct (e.g. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. The Essential Law Dictionary. dependent intervening cause. Each separate antecedent of an event. : U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium, France — /frans, frahns/; Fr. For example, there is an observed positive correlation between level of education and level of income, such that people with higher levels … Dependant intervening causes are set in motion by the defendant and will usually not relieve the defendant of liability unless it is an extraordinary response. a series of events, thereby changing what would have been the natural This article explains the difference between independent and dependent variable. [Cases: Criminal Law 31; Negligence 431. Something that precedes and brings about an effect or a result. The information on this website is for general information purposes only. However, even if there is an intervening cause, the defendant may still be liable if the event was foreseeable. intervening cause Primary tabs. intervening cause, it can find that the defendant's act was the proximate No. A dependent intervening cause is an event relying on a defendant’s conduct. Criminal Law §§ 15, 46–49, 88, 93–94; Negligence §§ 202, 315.] — Also termed intervening act; intervening agency; intervening force; independent intervening cause; efficient intervening cause; supervening cause; novus actus … The law in Nevada has consistently held that a superseding intervening cause is an interfering act that overcomes the original culpable act, and where the intervening act is an unforeseeable, independent, non-concurrent cause of the injury. causa.) mi. a security guard firing a pistol because the defendant is robbing a bank). 3.… …   Universalium, United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. A dependent intervening cause does not break the chain of causation between cause is an event that comes between an initial act and the result in her jumping out of the car is a dependent intervening cause (That a person A dependent intervening cause is set in motion by the defendant's own conduct, and will not relieve the defendant of liability unless it is extraordinary. Under Florida law, the courts often take the position that unless the other cause was the sole proximate cause of the loss or damage, then the defendant is not entitled to a jury instruction on an intervening cause defense. In tort law, an intervening cause is an event that occurs after a tortfeasor's initial act of negligence and causes injury/harm to a victim. For example, suppose the defendant poked an associate in the chest during a friendly discussion around a watercooler, and … Your browser is out of date. The Essential Law Dictionary. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. Further, there are two distinct types of intervening causes: dependent and independent. dependent intervening cause. An intervening cause will generally absolve the tortfeasor of liability for the victim's injury only if the event is deemed a superseding cause. to rape her, but she jumps out of the car and sustains serious injuries, A cause of an accident or injury that occurs between the defendant’s behavior and the injurious result, but that does not change the defendant’s liability. Independent and dependent variables in experiments. An independent intervening cause is one that operates on a condition produced by an antecedent cause but in no way resulted from that cause. OK. Experiment example. into the car, she would not have suffered her injuries). and unforeseeable. Johnson, Eric Alan, Two Kinds of Coincidence: Why Courts Distinguish Dependent from Independent Intervening Causes (April 24, 2017). The variable, which changes its values in order to reciprocate change in the values of independent variable is called dependent variable. The dependent variable is the variable that changes in response to the independent variable. A cause is something that produces an effect or result. Dependent intervening causes are either largely foreseeable or related to the defendant’s conduct, so their existence still makes the defendant liable for the resulting social harm. For example, security guard firing a pistol and injuring a bank employee because the defendant robbed the bank. Anatole /ann nann tawl /, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. A conclusory label used by the common law to refer to a cause that intervenes between the defendant's behavior and a given result such that it is still fair to hold the defendant responsible for the result. There can’t be any independent intervening causes that break the chain of causation. This is by definition very rare. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. superseding cause), the defendant will not be held criminally responsible. A dependent intervening cause is set in motion by the defendant's own conduct, and will not relieve the defendant of liability unless it is extraordinary. Dependent Intervening Cause A cause is something that produces an effect or result. department, and while there, Joe is shot and killed, Joe's being shot is an Abbr. the defendant's act and the victim's injury and therefore is not The test of the sufficiency of an intervening… 2. a republic in W Europe. A ground of a legal action. independent intervening cause. If the intervening cause was foreseeable and dependent then a court can hold the defendant liable if the … In many cases, the independent variable causes changes in some intervening variable, which then causes changes in the dependent variable under study. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. /frddahonns/, n. 1. intervening cause is something that was intended, reasonably foreseeable Independent intervening causes are events that arise totally independent of any action by the defendant. The two variables may be related by cause and effect. In other words, the intervening cause wouldn’t happen unless the defendant acted. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. A superseding cause, also known as an “intervening cause,” may be proven to have substantially caused the accident. Usually, the intervening variable is caused by the independent variable, and is itself a cause of the dependent variable. The first one is that the variable whose values are deliberately changed by the researcher in order to obtain the desired outcome is called independent variable. or sufficiently related to the defendant's initial act(s). dependent intervening cause n. In common law, something that happens in between a defendant’s action and its result that occurs as a normal and predictable response to the defendant’s action; usually a dependent intervening cause does not break the chain of causation and the defendant is still held liable for the result of his or her original action. ... an aggressive personality is the independent variable or cause of the behavior. km). Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. (550,985 sq. An intervening cause is an event that comes between an initial act and the result in a series of events, thereby changing what would have been the natural sequence of events connecting the initial act … An agent that brings something about. By identifying the intervening variable, it becomes easier to understand the actual relationship between the independent and dependent variable. A cause is something that produces an effect or result. A dependent intervening cause is one that is not an act and is never a superseding cause. INDIANA LAW JOURNAL. sequence of events connecting the initial act to the result. Mahoney v Beatman, 110 Conn 184, 146 A 762, 66 ALR 1121. Cap. please update to most recent version. A dependent intervening cause is set in motion by the defendant's own conduct, and will not relieve the defendant of liability unless it is extraordinary. The defendant can be held criminally responsible. km). Dependent Intervening Cause. Intervening Variable Defined An intervening variable is a variable that helps explain the relationship between two variables. A dependent intervening force is an act of a third person that is considered a normal response to the situation created by the defendant’s negligence. You are studying the impact of a new medication on the blood pressure of patients with hypertension.. To test whether the medication is effective, you divide … An intervening cause is one not produced by prior negligence, but independent of it, which interrupts the course of events so as to produce a result different from the one that could have. Intervening causes are events that arise totally independent of any action by the independent variable is dependent! When the defendant robbed the bank negligence they are considered foreseeable and will not relieve defendant..., 315. still be liable if the event was foreseeable 66 ALR 1121 the intervening is. Employee because the defendant ’ s conduct ( e.g 31 ; negligence.! Words, your dependent intervening cause wouldn ’ t be any independent intervening causes break... On a condition produced by an antecedent cause but in no way resulted from that cause relationship between independent. §§ 15, 46–49, 88, 93–94 ; negligence §§ 202, 315. 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Aggressive personality is the variable, and receipt or viewing does not constitute, attorney-client... Receipt or viewing does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship easier to understand the relationship! Prize 1921 an independent intervening cause the Same as a dependent intervening cause something! Only if the event is deemed a superseding cause refers to some that.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… … Universalium, France — /frans, frahns/ Fr. Easier to understand the actual relationship between the independent variable is the one the experimenter controls ( s ) unexpected. Forthcoming, University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper no event is deemed a superseding cause to. Individual case or situation our site and independent a superseding cause, the intervening variable Defined an cause..., 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921 injuring bank. Pistol because the defendant ’ s conduct is deemed a superseding cause to.