Used from the nineteenth century onwards. Given that it claims an essential spot in our home, there are many types of sofa out there. Stretcher Strengthening or stabilizing rail which runs horizontally between furniture legs, often forming X, H or Y shapes. Oyster veneer Late seventeenth-and early eighteenth-century veneer, made from symmetrically arranged cross-sections of small branches or roots from trees such as walnut, olive, laburnum and kingwood. Also, it’s easy to find a chaise longue mixed with another sofa style, like the mid-century inspired chaise in the image below. Girandole Elaborate candelabrum associated with Rococo and Neoclassical design. this home tour of a Barcelona apartment that keeps things eclectic but casual, Amazon actually has a good selection so don’t forget to check it out, 13 Iconic Designer Chairs You Should Know, these low slung sofas are your sort of thing, 7 Ways to Use Low-Slung Furniture in Your Home Decor. Find similar antique furniture values in print. Modular Chairs and Sofas for Styling Small Spaces. Lopers Poles, normally rectangular, which could be pulled out from the sides of a cabinet to support the flap-top of desks. Arrernte mythology from Aboriginal communities has made its mark on designer Trent Jansen. Vernis Martin A sophisticated japanning technique developed by the Martin brother s in France c.1730. In the same way, perhaps there’ll be a little discussion over its shape, but that’s about it. Applied decoration Decoration, normally carved, laid onto the surface of a piece of furniture. Maybe this piece of trivia is the reason why the chesterfield sofa is considered the perfect item for a man cave. It is a timeless piece of furniture that pairs well with almost all modern furniture and adds a glamorous look to the space. Inlay Form of decoration which involves cutting small pieces of ivory, precious metals, mother-of-pearl or wood which are then fitted into carved-out recesses of the same shape on a solid piece of furniture to create a picture or geometric design. Butterfly hinge Hinge with two flared plates on either side of the join resembling butterfly wings. Here’s a round up for gorgeous modular sofas and chairs that would make a lovely addition to our homes. This sturdy yet playful chair will spark your imagination. Throughout the ages, accommodating furniture makers have developed pieces for daytime repose, including récamiers, chaise longues, and fainting couches. But … You might select a “fainting” couch made famous in the silent movies of the early 1900s for a distinct decoration. Ovolo moulding Classical convex moulding consisting of repeated oval shapes. Canterbury Mid-eighteenth-century low supper trolley more commonly known in its late-eighteenth-and nineteenth-century form; a stand with vertical compartments to hold sheet music. The 4th Earl of Chesterfield, Lord Philip Stanhope, requested the local craftsmen design a sofa that would allow men to sit upright yet comfortably, without wrinkling their clothes. Rocaille Rococo form of decoration characteristic of the genre pittoresque using abstract shell-and rockwork in its design.S. Knowing how to identify each main part and its variations can help you describe the sofa you want to a salesperson or designer. Even though the early chesterfields were upholstered in leather, now they are also available in fabrics like velvet. Cartouche Motif with curved or rolled edges suggesting a scroll shape or a piece of paper with curling edges. OOgee A continuous double curve in the shape of an ‘S’, referred to by Hogarth as ‘the line of beauty’; used for mouldings. It differs from inlay, in which a cutout recess on a solid piece of furniture is filled with decoration.Menuisier Furniture-maker specializing in carved pieces; usually applied to craftsmen in eighteenth-and nineteenth-century France. Arabesque Literally “Arabian”, a scrolling and interlacing pattern of branches, leaves, flowers and scrollwork of Moorish origin. Pietre dure Form of decorative work using a variety of semiprecious stones perfected in Italy c.1600; if only a single type of stone is used, it is correctly called pietra dura. In America, known as a tilt-top. Lacca Italian lacquer much used on the colorful, painted furniture of eighteenth-century Italy; can refer to true Oriental lacquer as well as japanning. Lunette Semicircular or half-moon shape making up a piece of furniture, often filled with carved decoration, Lunettes carved in this way originated in the seventeenth century and enjoyed renewed popularity during the nineteenth-century Jacobean revival.MMarquetry A type of ornamental veneer comprising shaped pieces of wood or other substances which form a mosaic, or kind of jigsaw-puzzle, in floral, landscape, arabesque or other patterns; if a geometric pattern, called parquetry. February 21, 2017, Features & Interviews, Shopping & Gift Guides. Towards the end of the eighteenth century sideboards replaced buffets in the dining-room, although the buffet enjoyed renewed popularity during the nineteenth-century Gothic revival. Originally created for American businessman Thomas Lawson, after whom the sofa was named, it was designed at the turn of the 20th century. KKey pattern Repeating motif of straight lines, usually at right angles, derived from classical Greek architecture; became a much-used border ornament. A popular and influential cabinet and chair maker from England, Chippendale produced mid-Georgian and English Rococo styles right up to the end of the 18th century. Scroll foot Chair foot which terminates in a tight scrolled form; a popular eighteenth-century English foot. Highboy Tall chest made up of a chest-of-drawers set on a lowboy, sometimes standing on cabriole legs. Often upholstered with Berlin woodwork.R. AAcanthus: Ornament representing stylized form of thick, scallop-edged Acanthus spinosus leaf. Its clean design and chic looks generate a sense of classic modernism and luxury. Source: Sotheyby's Consice Encyclopeida of Furniture Edited by Christopher Payne, Privacy Policy Imitated more cheaply in lacca contrafatta or arte povera. Used in cheaper furniture. Sign up for our newsletter to get the latest home tours and giveaways. Male caryatids are less common and are called telamones. These Are 13 Iconic Designer Chairs You Should Know. Backstool Form of stool with a back developed in the late sixteenth century. Stile Upright supporting post on a piece of furniture. The flap is hinged at the base and rests on lopers when open, folds up at an angle when closed. The name comes from the resultant patter of the grain, which resembles oyster shells. Popular from 1760 and again in the 1840’s. Of course, qualifying as an antique doesn't guarantee that something is worth much money--its value could be … A sofa is made up of many different parts. Known as crotch mahogany in America. Baluster Turned, vase-shaped vertical post. Found on sixteenth-and seventeenth-century Spanish and Portuguese furniture, it later spread to Northern Europe. It is a popular choice of furniture among many home owners that appreciate mid-century modern architecture. Purchase Antique Vintage Sofas Easily From Reputable Dealers It’s the ideal furniture choice for a minimal home due to its defined shape and composed look. Often shaped or carved. a mirror frame or the top-rail of a chair, headboard or footboard of a bed or along the back-rail of a day-bed. Bureau Desk popular in late seventeenth-century England and France distinguished by its sloping fall-front. Antique sofas and chaises come in a variety of styles that can complement any sort of decor. Neoclassical motif. We have more useful articles in our archives! TTambour Thin strips of wood glued to canvas backing to form a flexible sheet used to conceal storage areas, for example in the lid of a bureau a cylindre. Bun foot Round, turned and sometimes ‘squashed’ foot commonly used on William and Mary case furniture. The elegant style of a camelback sofa is fit for a formal room or an addition to the living room setting. Also used below the drawers or doors, or between the legs of commodes. Secretaire a abattant Tall French writing-desk, the top part of which resembles an armoire, having a door at its base. Egg-and-dart moulding A principal decorative motif of classical origin consisting of oval or egg shapes alternating with leafy arrowheads. Known to have existed in ancient Egypt, Green and Rome, this chair enjoyed a medieval revival as well as providing a popular prototype for the eighteenth-and nineteenth-century classical revivals. You will find designs from countries throughout Europe, and different periods such as Victorian, Georgian, or Edwardian, as well as various types of wood such as mahogany, walnut, or oak. Gilding Ornamental coating of goldleaf or gold dust, used alone or along with other forms of ornament, such as enameling, to cover a piece of furniture. Much used in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, it enjoyed a revival in Victorian England. Fretwork Interlocking geometrical designs cut from thin wood and used ornamentally without contrasting backing in open fretwork and with backing in blind fretwork. It may or may not have arms, but with a high back and long space to lay down, it’s designed for personal comfort. The antique furniture pieces reflect the style and features of the time they were made; this can be called the antique's "period" (Eduardian, Tudor, Colonial, etc.). Also refers to heavily carved or glided sconces or wall-brackets with mirrored backplates to reflect the candlelight. Cabochon Smooth round or oval raised decoration popular in sixteenth-century strapwork or, in the eighteenth century, surrounded by formalized acanthus leaves. Spindle Slim, turned member which may be of constant width or decoratively turned. Tip-top or snap-top Form of pedestal table in which the top is hinged to the base and tilts vertically when not in use. Enjoy our 13 Iconic Designer Chairs You Should Know piece and see if you already know them all. In England and America, known as a secretary. Furniture includes objects such as tables, chairs, beds, desks, dressers, and cupboards. Shell carving is basically carving in the wood to look like a shell. In sixteenth-and seventeenth-century England, buffet was synonymous with court cupboard. Of course, there is a good reason for that. Sometimes with doors or drawers. Frequently applied to furniture during the Renaissance and Neoclassical periods. Also known as terminus or herm. Often found on Queen Anne furniture. Fluting Decoration formed by making parallel, semicircular grooves; used on furniture since the sixteenth century. Linenfold Form of carving which imitated vertical folds of drapery. This sofa style is designed for comfort. It is the opposite of fluting. Grotesque Fanciful decoration comprising a combination of foliage, urns, animals, mythical creature, etc. Style etrusque Neoclassical attempt to imitate the decoration on Etruscan vases. Became a term for bedroom cupboards in the nineteenth century. The trendy armoire was originally a large mobile cupboard or wardrobe featuring doors and shelves for clothes storage. Aumbry Late-medieval doored cupboard used to store food.B. This article is an exploration of this quintessential piece of furniture. Much use of contrasting encaustic colour. Patera Round or oval medallion motif frequently incorporating fluting, leaves or flower petals in its design. Astragal Small semicircular convex moulding commonly used as a glazing-bar on furniture. Case furniture, that is furniture used for storage, came in all sorts of forms. The arms are also lower than the back. Festoon, or Swag Renaissance and Neoclassical motif in the shape of a suspended loop of drapery or a garland of fruit and flowers. Cartonnier Eighteenth-century cabinet of French design. This method proved costly so a cheaper imitation, Scagliola, was often used. Also known as a rabbet joint. Bergere Wing armchair with filled-in sides from French designs of c.1725. The whole piece rests on an open or cupboard-like stand. The neatly trimmed shape keeps it formal. Check out these gorgeous examples of low height furniture. Scotia Semicircular concave moulding. Styles of vintage couches, sofas, and chaises that are available include these: Pre-1800: Sofas, couches, and chairs made before 1800 do not all share the same look. The design of mid-century sofas add a retro look to the house, and its minimal style keeps the room light. It was designed for women to rest in the middle of the day when the sun was at the meridian, from which its name is derived. Ormolu From the French or moulu, or ground gold; also known as gilt-bronze or bronze dore. First used in ancient Egypt, and then in Classical Greece and Rome, but not again until the seventeenth century in the Netherlands. Cock-beading Moulding dating from the early eighteenth century. Top-rail The uppermost horizontal rail on a chair-back. There is also a newer version of this sofa, called the humpback, which may have only one or two humps. Of classical origin, it was commonly used on eighteenth-century furniture. From the tiniest of apartments to the grandest of mansions, there is one item of furniture that can be found in them all. JJapanning Term used for various Western methods which attempted to imitate Oriental lacquer. Antique couches come in some broad categories, and you will have a good chance of finding the right style to suit your home’s ambiance. A symbol of fertility and abundance popular during the Baroque/Rococo periods. But how many of us actually know the history behind this ubiquitous household item? Buffet Side-or serving-table used from medieval times. Monopodium Classical pedestal support composed of an animal head and a single leg; widely used in the early nineteenth century. Veneering Furniture-making technique which consists of affixing a thin layer or strips of fine wood to the surface of a piece of furniture, this usually of a coarser wood. It definitely adds a personal touch to your collection. Tole Tinware which has been decorated by means of japanning: known in America as toleware. Pieces of wood are cut at an angle so that when joined they form a right angle. Made from the tumescent growth of certain trees (notably walnut). Spend a bit of time looking at antique furniture and you'll likely notice many flowing elements that look like confetti. Chinoiserie General term for European adaptation of Oriental designs popular during late seventeenth century, Rococo and Regency periods. Torchere A portable stand for a lamp or candle, often fashioned like a tall table with a small top. Its high-gloss finish became fashionable in Europe in the seventeenth century. The main purpose is to use it for seating during the day and as a bed at night. This sofa is also versatile in terms of fabric options and other accents to make it as formal or casual as you want. The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City contains numerous Phyfe-attributed or authenticated pieces. The tuxedo sofa is characterized by a clean geometric shape, more like a box, and with arms the same height as the back. Check out this summer beach house in cool blue. Dentil motif Feature of classical architecture which became a popular furniture motif in the seventeenth century. Our team creates original content, from home tours to DIYs each piece is created especially for readers. A variation is the hairy-paw foot. What Is Vintage Furniture? Grisaille Painting in shades of black, grey and white which attempts to imitate marble relief ornament. Finial Projecting ornament which can take many forms, including those of a ball, flame, flower, acorn, pineapple or vase. Daybeds come in various shapes and sizes and with some that have underneath storage, which is useful in smaller apartments. Cornice Highest part of three principal members of the entablature. Étagère Set of free-standing or wall shelves used to display objects. Can be used as a cellaret or tea caddy etc. Sometimes glued or held firm by a wooden dowel. An antique sofa may be very finely carved but should still show signs of being handmade. Sign up for our newsletter and get the latest home tours and giveaways. Often used to refer to bronze furniture mounts enhanced by mercury-gilding. Cross-member Horizontal, supporting rail. These types of sofa were popular in French aristocratic homes in the 19th century. Originating in ancient Egypt, and used as well in classical Greece and Rome, this form enjoyed a revival from the late seventeenth century to the end of the nineteenth century. Read our more comprehensive guide to what makes something antique, collectible or vintage here. This gorgeous sofa was popularized by King Louis XV in the first half of the 1700s. There are several variations to be found today, but the original Lawson had three back and seat cushions. Sconce A bracketed wall-light comprising a decorative, often reflective, backplate and candleholders. VVargueno or bargueno Spanish writing and storage desk dating from the sixteenth century, and consisting of a square or rectangular top, the flap-front of which conceals drawers. So next time you go out shopping for one, you’ll know exactly what you’re looking for! Multiple types of wood is a good thing. It adds a traditional look to the room. Tallboy Called a chest-chest until the eighteenth century; this high chest of drawers has more drawers below than on top. Want to see more examples of how the tuxedo sofa works in a contemporary apartment? They can be placed in the bedroom to create a cozy nook, in the hallway for some additional seating around the house or even in a smaller living space where a full-sized sofa might be too big to handle. A seat for one, this sofa is a chair and footstool combined for the perfect downtime. Amphora Classical two-handled storage jar later adopted as a neoclassical decorative motif. Chamfer A canted surface produced by beveling off an angle. Lawson sofas boast a simple and comfortable design, ditching the ornate styles more popular at that time, and paving a way for the contemporary look of sofas you may see today. It adds a feeling of luxury and opulence to the space. It was originally published in London. It is also called a fainting couch, which describes its design so well. Also known as a squirrel, this device was particularly popular on English and American. Either hanging or free-standing. Early models were caned, later ones upholstered. Creating a perfect home also involves knowing more about the things you own. The arms are also rolled outward to create a luxurious look and provide comfort while seated. Prie-dieu A late-eighteenth-century, but commonly nineteenth-century low-seated armless chair with a high back and wide top-rail on which to rest a prayer book. Fluffy Furs and Curious Cabinets: It’s the Broached Monsters! Its edges are sleek, but provide perfect support for comfortable seating. Chaise longues are the perfect types of sofa for reading. Corner cupboard Late seventeenth-century cupboard designed to fit into the corner of a room. These types of sofa were popular in French aristocratic homes in the 19th century. His collection of Broached Monsters plays on the magic of the Pankalangu and other creatures from story traditions. Curl mahogany Wood cut from the fork in branches of a mahogany tree. Pier-glass Tall, narrow mirror with a frame originally placed between windows to enhance light coming into a room. Bracket foot A foot extending from each side of a corner to a centre point at the base. They are then glued and/or nailed together. A sofa! Term Statue or bust representing the upper part of the body, usually without arms, terminating below in a pedestal or pillar which tapers towards the base. Technically, an antique is a piece of furniture with special value because of its age, particularly those pieces embellished with fine artistry. Vitrine Glass-fronted cabinet which stood independently or on a stand and was used to display china, silver and curios; normally nineteenth century. The reverse of an astragal moulding. Mother-of-pearl, coral and metals were often inlaid in the lacquer ground to create a decorative effect. Very fashionable from the late seventeenth century. The top is often flap-fronted to provide a large writing surface when open. Klismos Classical Greek chair with saber legs, the front ones curving forwards and the back ones backwards. They are found in mahogany furniture from the Georgian, Victorian and Edwardian periods. The most widely recognized type of Shaker chair would be a slat-back side chair or the famous Shaker rocking chair. We spend so much of our time in the living room, making the couch one of the most important features of the house. The main characteristic of a daybed is that it does not have a back and hence needs to be placed against the wall for back support. Verre eglomise Technique widely used a turn of the eighteenth century to produce highly decorative mirrors. Free-standing or incorporated in a sideboard. Caryatid Decorative support in the form of a female figure. When opened, the flap-top is supported by lopers to form a writing-desk. The back and arms are the same height, and tufted. And all these different parts can vary from sofa to sofa, giving each a distinct look and feel. It derives its name from the French for long chair. Prized for its mottled or feathery grain. Some say an Antique is: An object of considerable age valued for its aesthetic or historical significance. Valuable woods such as mahogany, rosewood, walnut and satinwood were used to cover a cheaper carcase, often at the same time concealing construction detail. Shaker chairs are named after a Protestant sect called the Shakers, also known as the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing. Cornucopia Classical motif in the shape of a goat’s horn out of which spill fruit, vegetables and flowers. You may come across old furniture handed down through your own family, or at a resale or antique … While Queen Elizabeth didn’t begin her reign until 1533,… Materials: oak, walnut, porcelain. Or so the story goes. Used on the Greek klismos and revived on eighteenth-and nineteenth-century seat furniture. Use these details to date a 19th century sofa: Rosettes, finials, incised lines and elaborate feet may all help to identify antique sofas. Fakes exist, with dealers trying to make money from such furniture. What is thought to be an antique dresser may be something else. For example, the fainting couch -- also known as the chaise lounge-- makes an inspiring addition to a master bedroom when placed between a pair of windows.The fainting couch allowed tightly corseted woman a moment of reprieve when needed. Gold or silver foil was applied to the mirror back and engraved with a needle before placing black or another contracting colour behind the foil. Palmette Fan-shaped pattern derived from the shape of a palm-tree frond. Often carved, but also painted or inlaid into Neoclassical furniture. Crossbanding Thin strips of decorative cross-grained veneer. Rococo versions are often called girandoles. The chair-back has a concave top-rail attached to verticals. Console table Form of side-table supported by wall brackets with two front legs. What’s more, it makes a fitting image as the luxury recliner in your bedroom corner. Drawers open on one side, with sham-fronted ones on the other. Filigree Lace-lie ornament made from delicately curled and twisted gold or silver wire. Hunting board Sideboard or long table of the American South which, when first devised in the eighteenth century was sued for serving drinks to hunters.I. The term vintage has no official meaning and is defined differently depending on the source. You don't have to have a house filled with Victorian furniture, but a nice piece or two from that period can complement your existing decor. All antique furniture reflects a style--what was in vogue during a well-defined historical time period. Reeding Parallel, convex reed moulding derived from decoration used on classical columns. The reason they are called loveseats is due to the intimacy they provide for the two people sitting on them. The beautiful craftsmanship of the exposed wooden frame, with legs that curve outwards and down are its main distinguishing features. Turning Method of shaping wood by revolving it on a lathe. Intarsia Elaborate pictorial marquetry or inlaid paneling, used in Renaissance Italy and also sixteenth-century Germany. The sofa is the setting for midday naps and lazy weekends, movie nights and catch-ups with old friends. From decorating your dining room, to finding the finishing piece to your library, here are 13 iconic designer chairs you should know about. Even though it comes under the wider category of a chaise longue, there is one main distinguishing factor – the arched back on one side. Shop our best selection of Traditional Sofas, Couches & Loveseats to reflect your style and inspire your home. Burled (American) or burr (British) wood veneer Popular from the seventeenth century. Male caryatids are less common and are called telamones. Antique Furniture. This form o reproducing the effect of Oriental lacquer reached the height of its popularity in mid-eighteenth-century France. Capital Head or crowning feature of a column or pilaster. Its signature design element is a back comprised of pillows separate from the frame.. Yes you guessed it right! They are perfect for a formal room to impress your guests, or a luxurious library to read in style. Everything you buy for your home—furniture, rugs, lighting, artwork—can be plotted on a timeline based on when it was manufactured, and affixed with a generational label like “contemporary,” “antique,” “vintage,” or “retro.” An item’s age is a key facet of its value, along with its condition, quality, and relative rarity. Their small size means they can fit into almost any space and are so much more comfortable than two single chairs. Base often contains drawers. Eastlake, 1870-1890: This design style is named for Charles Locke Eastlake, who wrote a popular book in 1872 called Hints on Household Taste. Apron Ornamental structure beneath the seat-rail of a chair or settee. Escutcheon Metal plate fitted around a keyhole for protection and decoration. Antique Paris Louis - Style Day Bed Elegant Solid 19th C. France Shabby Chic Charm 10 photo. Trompe l’oeil Painted decoration with natural shadows designed to ‘deceive the eye’ into believing they are real, i.e., three-dimensional. The main characteristic is the arched middle and higher points at both ends. One such furniture suite includes a Duncan Phyfe sofa, two armchairs, ten side chairs, and two footstools. An acanthus is a leafy carved ornament in the top of the columns of the Corinthian. FFauteuil French form of open-armed chair with upholstered back and seat. Usually, the central vertical section projects slightly in front of the side sections. Popular in late eighteenth and nineteenth-century Europe. The defining characteristics of this type of sofa are the tight back cushions, lose seating cushions and the rolled arms, hence the name. It will look stunning by a window so you can enjoy the garden views in style. Popular on early Philadelphia chairs. Breakfront, or broken front Furniture in which the front line is interrupted. Cresting Carved ornament on top of furniture, i.e. Cookie Policy, Copyright 2020 Timothy Corrigan If you are looking to buy a vintage sofa or antique sofa, you are spoilt for choice at Love Antiques. It is easy to identify a chesterfield style sofa. These days you can find a chaise longue in many textures and designs. It was designed for women to rest in the middle of the day when the sun was at the meridian, from which its name is derived. Of classical origin, It has been used extensively as carved decoration on furniture. Secretaire Eighteenth-century desk with drawers hidden by the writing surface. This gray and white diamond patterned quilt is the perfect throw around your sofa. Pilaster Architectural term for a flattened column attached to a façade for decoration rather than structural support. The reason for this design is to create a softer, more cushioned sofa with large cushions that aren’t taut within the frame of the sofa. Is to use low height furniture in which the front line is interrupted it makes a image! A good reason for that and with backing in open fretwork and backing... Are 13 Iconic designer chairs you Should know piece and see if you already know them all or turned! With curved or rolled edges suggesting a scroll turning backwards in a house or other covering applied... As cutwork on a piece of furniture that pairs well with almost modern. Chic Charm 10 photo hidden by the writing surface wood cut from the French or moulu, or gold. Bracket foot a foot extending from each piece is created especially for readers it super,! 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