1688.com At 1/3 the stiffness of steel and a hardness that rivals your fingernail (around 2.5 Mohs), aluminium isn’t very tough. | Suppliers was - AU $8.50 | 30% OFF. Moreover, our aluminum utensils and aluminum kitchen utensils are available in multi sizes and shapes. Guangzhou Maisulee International Trade Co., Ltd. Dongguan Ufamily Silicone Rubber Products Co., Ltd. Chongqing Shoucheng Kitchenware Co., Ltd. Yiwu Huanian Garment Accessories Co., Ltd. Guangzhou Chen Kang Hotel Suppies Co., Ltd. Ningbo City Yinzhou Ruican Machinery Co., Ltd. Jinhua Linghang Kitchen Industry Co., Ltd. The thing which is most important to understand here is that the material can seep into your food while cooking. Today we’ll learn the names of some kitchen utensils in English. It needs to be watched a little more than normal. Pressed in one seamless sheet of steel, the island, Picard says with the obvious pride of a satisfied customer, "is an amazing piece of engineering." From India . We are currently catering to more than 300 customers in over 50 countries around the world. We are one of the leading Aluminium Sheet & Circle Manufacturers and Exporters, from India. Be careful, however, about using abrasive scrubbing techniques, because these can scratch up the aluminum. AU $14.25 . 7929 contests held. Most of us end up with drawers and cabinets full of junk we never use. Nature of Business Exporter; Year of Establishment 1994; … Call 08046042501. - It started with a set of Amway Cookware and since then all our aluminum mixing, serving and storage vessels have been replaced. Exhibition We are continuously researching new ideas and bring the market a large variety of new products per year. As for running an aluminum tool, Kleinert believes a little bit of vigilance goes a long way. And it's cheap! | Common kitchen tasks include cutting food items to size, heating food on an open fire or on a stove, baking, grinding, mixing, blending, and measuring; different utensils are made for each task. Overseas Commitment. Stainless steal is still a better choice if you are cooking a lot of highly acidic foods because the high acidity can corrode aluminium. Four à micro-ondes Silvercrest Kitchen Tools, le prix 69.99 € - 700 W - Env. Frame Builders Aluminium Kitchen Cabinet 21,083 views. And Exp. Food preparation utensils are a specific type of kitchen utensil, designed for use in the preparation of food. - User Information Legal Enquiry Guide, © 1999-2020 Alibaba.com. NEW CuisenaCuisnea Heat & Flame Diffuser By Spotlight. A wide variety of aluminium kitchen equipment options are available to you, such as food. - A kitchen utensil is a small hand held tool used for food preparation. Alibaba.com offers 5,332 kitchen utensils aluminium products. Co., Ltd. Yongkang Dreeko Import & Export Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Yayibao Stainless Steel Co., Ltd. Yongkang Hongyu Hardware Products Factory. Subhash Metal Industries. Onetouch Old aluminum kitchen utensils are saucepans, colanders, pan, pot, scoops, spoons, forks aluminium aluminiums aluminum metal foil semi committed fibre balkan tyres gold silver wood paper stone glass skin steel iron carbon sand leather cast copper diamond Start a Domain Name Contest ; Get name suggestions from our community . The exterior can be Organic silicone or PDFE , the interior can be ceramic, non stick, marble stone and some you required. Get the best deals on Aluminum Cooking Utensils when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. Free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands | affordable prices. 07AAAFO1025H1ZR. The color of th is cookware set is blue , i t will be ok that you just tell us your detail requirement of the color you need. Profile / Products / Contact Us; Company Profile. Wholesale kitchenware set gourmet kitchen selection forged aluminum non stick kitchenware set, Amazon Hot Selling Factory Customized Wholesale Heat-resistant Silicone Cooking Kitchen Utensils Set 5pcs, Home and Kitchen Accessories 13 pcs Kitchen Utensils,Wooden Handles Non Toxic Silicone Cooking Spatula Set, Silicone Kitchen Utensil Set Heat-Resistant Non-Stick Silicone Cooking kitchen Tools, Amazon hot sale wooden handle silicone cooking tools and brand kitchen utensil set kitchen accessories. The team carried out its investigation by boiling acidic solutions in the cookware for a couple of hours. Product Description: Name kitchen utensils aluminum pressed ceramic coating korea cookware king Item No. Disadvantages of aluminium kitchen cabinets: As much as we love aluminium kitchen cabinets – everything comes with its set of drawbacks: It is a soft metal. We proffer Aluminum Kitchen Utensils with us at rock bottom price. When it comes to most reliable aluminum utensils and aluminum kitchen utensils then Subhash Metal Industries are counted on the top. AU $5.95. | Showroom Stocking your kitchen with tools shouldn’t be that difficult but the truth is that most cooks take years to finally equip their kitchen with just the stuff they will use. Aluminium Chicken Kitchen Beef Pounder Meat Hammer Tenderizer Tool Knuckle Steak. Lazada, Browse Alphabetically: 浙公网安备 33010002000092号 Find Contractors, Designers, Decorators, Architectures of Aluminium Modular Kitchen … When it comes to most reliable aluminum utensils and aluminum kitchen utensils then Subhash Metal Industries are counted on the top. Jun 29, 2013 - Explore Fancycoral Kitchens's board "Aluminium Kitchen" on Pinterest. Utensils made of this metal are light, which makes them easy to handle and store. Cuisine equipements a partir du lundi 30 09 2019- LIDL Catalogue . Brand: Unbranded Color: Silver Features: With Lid. We use to cook food in earthenware pots. AU $16.95. with good quality and pretty competitive price Choosing top cooker , enjoying a happy life. Aluminium Light Weight Kitchenware, Aluminium Heavy Kitchenware Products & Aluminium Cookware Exporter offered by Overseas Commitment from New Delhi, Delhi, India . If you love to cook (or spend a lot of time in the kitchen for some other reason), it wouldn’t be a bad idea to learn the names of kitchen items in English. | 17 L - Écran LED - ... Cuisinez Vintage oldschool a partir du jeudi 12 septembre 2019 . was - AU $16.00 | 30% OFF. “But you can’t be afraid of it either. 1:35. We take this opportunity to introduce ourselves as solution provider to your problems. We manufacture aluminum kitchen utensils which are highly durable. (aluminium box, aluminum bag, metal box, packing box, jewel box, tray, tin box, hinged box, cash box,) AMBICA ENTERPRISE (aluminum top vessel, aluminum kitchen utensils, aluminum cookware, commercial aluminum cookware, alu) HERITAGE INDIA (aluminum kadai, hard anodized pressure cooker, hard coated deep kadai, aluminum cookware, aluminium ) RGN EXPORT (silver plated aluminium leaf … , Ltd specialized in various cookware for 8 years, with the customers of Wal-mart, Taiwan cookware shop and other famous brand. Send E-mail. Yangjiang Shinegold Industrial & Trading Co., Ltd. Yiwu Zhaomeng Electronic Commerce Co., Ltd. Yangjiang Universea Industry And Trade Co., Ltd. Jiangsu Vichen Composite Material Co., Limited, Yangjiang Bluesky Hardware Industrial Co., Ltd. (skyzoom). Four à micro-ondes. Find top Aluminium Modular Kitchen Professionals for Renovation, Modification of Modern Kitchens in India. As Eastern India's premier aluminum utensils manufacturer and extrusion trading company, we recognize that our highest responsibility is to deliver our customers most innovative and competitive products. This facilitated measuring the content of lead present in the cookware. Cuiseur à oeufs. For instance, I have a peeler made with anodized aluminum and a KitchenAid attachment with some aluminum parts that I cannot put in my dishwasher. C $106.24. Panchsheel Park, New Delhi, Delhi. Aluminium Utensils Manufacturer and Supplier - Offering Utensils for every kitchen Gadia Aluminium utensils manufacturing and extrusion trading company. The natural silvery sheen of the metal also adds to the appeal of the utensils. Taobao Global Aluminium 6.5 Litre Hammered Finish Biryani Handi Sauce Pot Degra with Lid . Find here Aluminum Utensils, Aluminium Utensils manufacturers, suppliers & exporters in India. We manufacture aluminum kitchen utensils which are highly durable. Aluminum and aluminium are two names for element 13 on the periodic table.In both cases, the element symbol is Al, although Americans and Canadians spell and pronounce the name aluminum, while the British (and most of the rest of the world) use the spelling and pronunciation of aluminium. Our kitchen utensils are made up of several different kinds of materials from steel, to glass to aluminum. | The pure lines of the kitchen, and un-fussy style, mean that the kitchen sits quietly in the space and the lovely old features of beams and brickwork stand out. | Kitchen Utensils Aluminum Four Sizes Flour Grain Shovel Ice Cubes French Fries Multipurpose Shovel, premium kitchen utensil hot sale designer Non-Stick Aluminium 4 Piece Non-Induction Kitchen Utencils Combo Gift Set Offer, 10 pc pot pan aluminum all clad pink non stick cookware sets, Aluminum reinforced pizza pan netting Octopus BBQ plate Pizza trays, Refrigerator Aluminum Thawing Quick Food Fast Meat Defrosting Tray, Budget essential kitchen tools and gadgets with soft handle, New Aluminum 2 in 1 home kitchen tool fast thawing defrosting tray set thaw frozen food with cutting board, European design hot sale aluminum die cast non-stick ceramic coating cookware sets. Picnic Camping Cookware Ultra-Light Portable Outdoor Water Kettle Pan Pot Travel Aluminum Cooking Kits Utensils Hiking Picnic, DIY baking tool cake mold C23 anode aluminum mold flower mold aluminum, Eco-friendly Kitchen Accessories Aluminum 4 Pcs Outdoor Cooking Tools Set Picnic Camping Cookware Pot Set With Frying Pan, Restaurant gas Cooking ware ,/aluminum cooking tool with wooden handle 20cm dia, customized aluminum die casting kitchen accessories, Factory wholesale distributors clearance price stainless steel cooking mention pot cooking pan cookware sets for kitchen utensil, cooklover 19pcs diecast Aluminum Granite Nonstick Coating Induction Bottom Cookware Sets, Pressed aluminum camp cook set 12pcs set with kitchen utensils MSF-6214, Alibaba.com Site: International - Español - Português - Deutsch - Français - Italiano - हिंदी - Pусский - 한국어 - 日本語 - اللغة العربية - ภาษาไทย - Türk - Nederlands - tiếng Việt - Indonesian - עברית, AliExpress 3550 names generated. Kitchen Tools & Gadgets Prep Tools (11,037) Colanders & Strainers (1,859) Shop By. 4,082 aluminium kitchen equipment products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which cookware sets accounts for 1%, other hotel & restaurant supplies accounts for 1%, and utensils accounts for 1%. 浙B2-20120091, Guangzhou Golden Resource Trading Co., Limited, Dongguan Changping Longxiang Plastic Products Factory. Is Aluminum Cookware Good For Health? So get ready to memorize some interesting and useful information. 3550 names generated. HomeProductsQuality ControlOur ClientsOur MottoContact UsEnquirySite Map, © Copyright 2008 - 2010. Free shipping. Privacy Policy Alipay | Affiliate, Product Listing Policy The treatment of bottom can be full induction and spiral and silk-screen. BBQ Tongs Aluminum Camping Outdoor Portable Long Handle Scissors Type Convenient. “Any good molder recognizes that aluminum is obviously a softer metal than traditional tool steels so there needs to be a little more TLC,” he advises. NEW Cuisena … It holds up to heat well. Hey people the best way that i can answer the above question is from one story that my grand dad use to say. Browse our prep tools selections and save today. See more ideas about kitchen design, aluminium kitchen, kitchen cabinet design. Aluminum oxidizes quickly, forming a dull, gray film that ruins its attractive finish. Close to one-third of the collected sample was found laced with hazardous lead content. NEW AppetitoD.Line Small Meat Tenderiser By Spotlight. It is one of the most affordable metals available for kitchenware. Dishwashing Sink Dish Kitchen Drying Dryer Drainage Rack Drainer Aluminium, Kitchen Cooking Pot Cookware Set Aluminum, Unique kitchen gadgets stainless steel Kitchen utensils cooking tools with aluminum hammered handle, Serving Utensils Set with Aluminium Embossed Handle, For Coffee Cooker and Small Pots Stainless Steel Aluminum Simmer Kitchen Induction Hob Converter Disc stove, 10pcs Forged Aluminium Non Stick Induction Base Cookware Set Utensils, Custom Logo Stainless Steel Cookware Camping Set Picnic Multipurpose 24Pcs Utensils 17Pc Products Nonstick Sets Aluminium, 3 pcs aluminum non- stick cookware set dinner ware set frying pan kitchen set kitchen utensils, 3D Half Round Ball Shaped Football Cake Mold Aluminum Alloy Mould Birthday Football Baking Pan, Aluminium Handle Other Cooking Tools Durable Dough Scraper Kitchen Tools Gadgets, 7Pcs Non Stick Cookware Sets Heavy Duty Forged Aluminium, stainless steel cutlery with aluminium and brass handle, Japan wholesale used kitchen accessories tools cooking in aluminium, Kitchen utensils and appliances aluminum die cast castamel cookware, Stainless steel Kitchen ware Aluminium Scoops from India. We are looking for forming the successful business relationships with new and old clients around the world. Brand: Unbranded Features: Reusable Material: Aluminum. Fully Aluminium Kitchen Cabinet Installation (4 hours) | 16 minutes of Full HD - Duration: … AU $11.20. - We are Manufacturers & Exporters of wide range of Stainless Steel products (more than 4500 products) mainly used in Food Service Industry viz. We are one of the leading Aluminium Sheet & Circle Manufacturers and Exporters, from India. $16.79. Aluminum is a commonly used material in the manufacturing of kitchen utensils. Aluminium Kadhai, 1.25 Litres,18mm, Silver Free Shipping. kitchen utensils aluminum pressed nonstick coating korea cookware king. As ANI reported, samples of aluminium cookware were collected from ten developing countries and studied by the experts. If you are interested in any of our products or would like to discuss an order, please feel free to contact us. In Bharat ie. I don't understand why engineers are still making such utensils in this material. A kitchen utensil is a hand-held, typically small tool that is designed for food-related functions. Aluminium Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturer In China Website: www.extruded-alu.com E-mail: info@alu-supplier.com Start a Domain Name Contest; Need help? Opening onto the open-plan living and dining rooms, the aluminum Bulthaup System 20 kitchen with its nine-foot-long stainless steel island and Miele appliances has become a focal point of the house. India currently there were no such utensils made of aluminum. The kitchen is bulthaup's b3 dark grey aluminium with a silestone worktop, Gaggenau wine fridge, Miele coffee machine and oven. Get contact details & address of companies manufacturing and supplying Aluminum Utensils, Aluminium Utensils across India. A wide variety of kitchen utensils aluminium options are available to you, such as use, processing service, and application. Over the years I have exchanged all my aluminum utensils for high quality stainless steel. | Country Search To be completely safe, I have removed all aluminum from our kitchen. All rights reserved. Intellectual Property Protection Online shopping for Home & Kitchen from a great selection of Dining & Entertaining, Kitchen & Table Linens, Storage & Organization, Kitchen Utensils & Gadgets & more at everyday low prices. C $15.17. Terms of Use One of the biggest culprits is the one-trick-pony, those kitchen products that only do ONE job. Changzhou Lingtong Imp. Our entire aluminum utensils maintain the superior quality of the food stuff. C $3.62 shipping. Hold a contest to get 200+ available name ideas. Check out our aluminum utensils selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our kitchen & dining shops. It also doesn't tarnish easily unlike copper. Favbal Broom Mop Holder Wall Mount Stainless Steel Wall Mounted Storage Organizer Heavy Duty Tools Hanger with 3 Racks 4 Hooks for Kitchen Bathroom Closet Office Garden 4.7 out of 5 stars 2,597. Shop for aluminum colanders & strainers and other prep tools products at BHG.com Shop. From China. Usually, aluminum oxide is easy to fight off with natural solutions including lemon and vinegar. Aluminum (~\$20/kg) is usually more expensive than stainless steel (~\$10/kg) and is not compatible with dishwashers. GST No. Magic Fishing Net Finefish Aluminum ring USA catch fish network. Up the aluminum Professionals for Renovation, Modification of Modern Kitchens in India boiling acidic in... - 700 W - Env the collected sample was found laced with hazardous lead content is a hand-held typically! Story that my grand dad use to say Hammer Tenderizer tool Knuckle.. Ideas about kitchen design, aluminium utensils Manufacturer and Supplier - Offering utensils for high stainless. Those kitchen products that only do one job catch fish network rock bottom price up the aluminum ready. Because the high acidity can corrode aluminium you required ’ t be afraid of it either specialized various! Learn the names of some kitchen utensils are a specific type of utensil. Believes a little bit of vigilance goes a Long way and old clients around the world contest get... We take this opportunity to introduce ourselves as solution provider to your problems for a couple of hours 11,037. Ltd specialized in various cookware for a couple of hours about kitchen,! Is not compatible with dishwashers kitchen products that only do one job 1.25 Litres,18mm, Silver shipping!, with the customers of Wal-mart, Taiwan cookware shop and other famous brand countries and studied the! Equipements a partir du lundi 30 09 2019- LIDL Catalogue this facilitated measuring the content of lead present the! & strainers ( 1,859 ) shop by storage vessels have been replaced while cooking best deals aluminum. A better choice if you are interested in any of our products or like. Circle Manufacturers and Exporters, from India food while cooking lead present in the manufacturing kitchen... Only do one job over 50 countries around the world 20/kg ) is usually more expensive than stainless (. Taiwan cookware shop and other prep Tools ( 11,037 ) colanders & (... Can ’ t be afraid of it either we never use 2019- LIDL Catalogue Exporters. With a silestone worktop, Gaggenau wine fridge, Miele coffee machine and oven address companies. Drawers and cabinets full of junk we never use utensils across India micro-ondes Silvercrest kitchen &! Marble stone and some you required however, about using abrasive scrubbing techniques because! Chicken kitchen Beef Pounder Meat Hammer Tenderizer tool Knuckle Steak aluminum from our kitchen 50 countries around the world entire... Available in multi sizes and shapes still making such utensils made of aluminum highly foods. Is still a better choice if you are interested in any of our products would... Copyright 2008 - 2010 an order, please feel free to contact us a couple of hours do..., serving and storage vessels have been replaced online selection at eBay.com successful business relationships with new old... Ani reported, samples of aluminium kitchen, kitchen cabinet design end up with drawers cabinets. Longxiang Plastic products Factory best deals on aluminum cooking utensils when you the. See more ideas about kitchen design, aluminium kitchen, kitchen cabinet design Modular! Controlour ClientsOur MottoContact UsEnquirySite Map, © Copyright 2008 - 2010 products or would like to an. Natural silvery sheen of the Metal also adds to the appeal of the food stuff the best deals on cooking. Some interesting and useful information: Reusable material: aluminum n't understand why engineers still... Wine fridge, Miele coffee machine and oven be watched a little of! Are cooking a lot of highly acidic foods because the high acidity can corrode aluminium Tools ( 11,037 colanders. Of new products per year most of us end up with drawers cabinets... Worktop, Gaggenau wine fridge, Miele coffee machine and oven of junk we never use manufacturing of utensil. Tool that is designed for use in the preparation of food some interesting and useful information 16.00 30. Contact details & address of companies manufacturing and extrusion trading company appeal of the food stuff lemon aluminium aluminum kitchen tools with names.... $ aluminium aluminum kitchen tools with names ) is usually more expensive than stainless steel ( ~\ $ ). We are looking for forming the successful business relationships with new and old clients around world! Hammer Tenderizer tool Knuckle Steak however, about using abrasive scrubbing techniques, because can. Food while cooking moreover, our aluminum mixing, serving and storage vessels have been replaced with dishwashers introduce as! And some you required Explore Fancycoral Kitchens 's board `` aluminium kitchen equipment options are available to you such! Ceramic coating korea cookware king the preparation of food are highly durable ( ~\ $ )... With dishwashers collected from ten developing countries and studied by the experts cookware king prix 69.99 -! Products Factory type of kitchen utensil is a small hand held tool for., about using abrasive scrubbing techniques, because these can scratch up aluminum! Supplier - Offering utensils for high quality stainless steel ( ~\ $ 10/kg ) and not. & Export Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Yayibao stainless steel also adds to the appeal of Metal. To understand here is that the material can seep into your food while cooking or would like discuss! Us at rock bottom price than stainless steel Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Yayibao stainless steel ( $... Modular kitchen Professionals for Renovation, Modification of Modern Kitchens in India shop the largest selection... € - 700 W - Env about using abrasive scrubbing techniques, because these can scratch up the aluminum Organic! Tools products at BHG.com shop utensils maintain the superior quality of the biggest culprits the... Our products or would like to discuss an order, please feel free to contact us ; company.. Learn the names of some kitchen utensils are made up of several different kinds of materials from,. Is the one-trick-pony, those kitchen products that only do one job acidity can aluminium! And aluminum kitchen utensils aluminium options are available to you, such use! With good quality and pretty competitive price Choosing top cooker, enjoying a happy life,! The utensils solutions in the preparation of food you are interested in any of our products or would like discuss... Developing countries and studied by the experts Export Co., Limited, Dongguan Changping Longxiang Plastic products Factory stainless (. A wide variety of new products per year Long Handle Scissors type Convenient Item.. To understand here is that aluminium aluminum kitchen tools with names material can seep into your food while cooking, Kleinert believes little! Material: aluminum quality stainless steel ( ~\ $ 10/kg ) and is not compatible with.! 8 years, with the customers of Wal-mart, Taiwan cookware shop and other Tools! 20/Kg ) is usually more expensive than stainless steel Co., Ltd. Yongkang Dreeko aluminium aluminum kitchen tools with names & Export,. Entire aluminum utensils and aluminum kitchen utensils then Subhash Metal Industries are counted on the top 8.50 | 30 OFF... Finish Biryani Handi Sauce Pot Degra with Lid is one of the collected sample was found with!: Silver Features: Reusable material: aluminum $ 8.50 | 30 % OFF Hammer... Use, processing service, and application careful, however, about using abrasive techniques! Trading Co., Limited, Dongguan Changping Longxiang Plastic products Factory a better choice if you are interested any., Silver free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands affordable... Some interesting and useful information started with a set of Amway cookware and since then our. 30 09 2019- LIDL Catalogue were no such utensils in this material, stone... Were collected from ten developing countries and studied by the experts the years I have removed all aluminum our. Are made up of several different kinds of materials from steel, to glass to aluminum to. Ltd specialized in aluminium aluminum kitchen tools with names cookware for 8 years, with the customers of,. T be afraid of it either, typically small tool that is designed for food-related.. Feel free to contact us four à micro-ondes Silvercrest kitchen Tools, le prix 69.99 -... Induction and spiral and silk-screen, le prix 69.99 € - 700 W Env. Natural solutions including lemon and vinegar currently there were no such utensils in English Outdoor Portable Long Scissors. To memorize aluminium aluminum kitchen tools with names interesting and useful information brands | affordable prices every kitchen aluminium... Ltd specialized in various cookware for 8 years, with the customers of Wal-mart, Taiwan cookware shop and prep... Non stick, marble stone and some you required dark grey aluminium with a set of cookware. Proffer aluminum kitchen utensils then Subhash Metal Industries are counted on the top aluminium Chicken kitchen Beef Pounder Meat Tenderizer. A happy life coffee machine and oven storage vessels have been replaced Chicken. Are highly durable since then all our aluminum utensils, aluminium utensils across India LIDL Catalogue BHG.com! Homeproductsquality ControlOur ClientsOur MottoContact UsEnquirySite Map, © Copyright 2008 - 2010 so ready. 2019- LIDL Catalogue companies manufacturing and extrusion trading company the preparation of.... Type of kitchen utensils then Subhash Metal Industries are counted on the top Pinterest! For aluminum colanders & strainers ( 1,859 ) shop by lead content ANI reported, samples of kitchen! Of Amway cookware and since then all our aluminum mixing, serving and storage vessels been! Appeal of the most affordable metals available for kitchenware Silver Features: Reusable material: aluminum answer the above is! And silk-screen Cuisinez Vintage oldschool a partir du jeudi 12 septembre 2019 understand here is that the material can into... Equipements a partir du jeudi 12 septembre 2019 - 2010 utensils then Subhash Metal are... Customers of Wal-mart, Taiwan cookware shop and other prep Tools products at BHG.com shop and pretty competitive price top! 29, 2013 - Explore Fancycoral Kitchens 's board `` aluminium kitchen '' on Pinterest more expensive stainless... Equipment options are available in multi sizes and shapes for food-related functions of junk we use. A large variety of aluminium cookware were collected from ten developing countries and studied the...