Also called fasciation; a mutation that results when the growing point of a plant forms a long line, rather than a single point. The first name applies to all species of the genus, Echinocereus is the name of all hedgehog cacti, but the entire binomial applies only to a single species. The example above has been named +Ortegopuntia cv. Plants with flowers that have only male or female organs, but where both male and female flowers appear on the same plant. cacti, usually hairy and/or spiny; from which the flowers and spines spring. The Myrtle Ethington Library TCSS is fortunate to have a fine collection of cactus and succulent … Powered by Shopify, Plants which can survive freezing—at least down to certain temperatures. Common name used for members of the Asclepiadaceae, Plant with succulent stems, without proper foliage leaves (e.g. Etymology, in general, is the study of the origins and history of words. Towards the axis; referring to the surface of an organ facing towards the main stem (opp. . The swollen water-storage tissue, usually composed of both root and stem, of a succulent woody plant. Surface or structure at apex of style, receptive to pollen. Central structure of ovule containing the embryo sac. A ridge on a cactus stem, usually vertical, that is formed from the skin. Such shoots can be vegetatively propagated and cultivated. Succulent, any plant with thick fleshy tissues adapted to water storage. leaf, arising from it. Typical example for hardy succulents are most, See more about 5 Best Succulents for Beginners, Learn more about how to nurture and enjoy many gorgeous succulents and clever decoration tips with our newsletter. Variegated varieties are often prized for the attractiveness of the markings caused by the mutation. Growth tissue; groups of cells capable of repeated division to form permanent tissue. Mission Statement: The Los Angeles Cactus & Succulent Society, an affiliate of the Cactus & Succulent Society of America, was founded in 1935 to further the enjoyment & disseminate information about cacti & succulents. Turned away from axis; referring to surface of an organ, such as a leaf, facing away from the main stem (opp. The green pigment present in leaves or stems and used in photosynthesis. A small case, usually heated with a removable top of plastic or glass. Mode of arrangement of leaves in relation to axis. This term covers a broad range of succulents which are less cold tolerant than “hardy” succulents. The tubular section of the flower above the ovary, bearing the petals, etc. Bracts can resemble normal leaves, be small and scale-like or large and brightly coloured and look like petals. boron, copper, iron, magnesium manganese and zinc. Choose an appropriate succulent for your indoor conditions. Navel-like formation; depression (adj. Thin, waterproof layer that cover the epidermis. A "napiform root" is one when swollen and broader than long, as that of the turnip. Swollen excrescence or appendage of the hilum of a seed. Many scientific names describe some characteristic of the organism (as: papillosus = with papillae; triglochidiatus = with three bristles); many are derived from the name of the discoverer or the geographic location of the organism. A cut or detached section of a plant, either from a leaf or stem, or an entire leaf that is used for propagation. Having abnormal growth with flattened and laterally expanded stems or irregular stems; caused by abnormal divisions of the growing point. Pale, sickly, excessive growth caused by insufficient light, incorrect feeding, or overcrowding. CaudexThe main stem of a plant. (Also: papillar; papillate; papillary) of a rough surface, covered with many tiny projections (papillae). Most cacti prefer a slightly acid compost. Succulent – Any plant that has some sort of specialized system for storing water in the roots, stems or leaves to be used in times of drought. Species that have male and female plants, i.e. Learn more about how to nurture and enjoy many gorgeous succulents and clever decoration tips with our newsletter. SucculentGuide.com Custom Nomenclature - System Default, Cactus & Succulent-Related Terms and Definitions. Rudimentary outgrowth consisting of tissue capable of giving rise to, for example, a leaf. Succulent … This glossary of succulent terms will help you understand these charming plants. Said of the ovary when positioned below the insertion of perianth and stamens. Also needed in the process are water and carbon dioxide. Rotate Succulents Frequently. They are always fertile while the more perfect flowers of the same plant are usually nearly or completely sterile. The base of the female portion of a flower that develops into a fruit once fertilisation has occurred. : cactus). Basal zone of ovule where nucellus and integuments join. Situated in the middle, lying in the axial plane. Superior: Said of the ovary when the perianth and stamens are … Pale, sickly, excessive growth or elongated stem caused by insufficient light, or overcrowding. Succulent … Reviews. cover the . The transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma on the same or a different flower by gravity, wind, birds, bats or insects in nature, or by hand in cultivation. A process of thermal induction in plants, in which growth and flowering are promoted by exposure to low temperatures. The genus name can be abbreviated to its initial letter (as E. triglochidiatus) when repeated or when several species from the same genus are being listed or discussed in the same paper or report. Kalanchoe tomentosa, … Egg-shaped, broader near point of attachment. In a word, succulents are irresistible. Taxonomic rank below species and above variety and form. Gradual ripening of stem from the base, to produce a bark-like texture. The scientific name of a species is formed by the combination of two terms The first name (capitalized) is the genus of the organism, the second (not capitalized) is its species. Kalanchoe luciae, Kalanchoe ‘Fantastic’ – Details, Growing Tips. Anticlinal). They are usually pink or white. Variegated varieties are often prized for the attractiveness of the markings caused by the mutation. This lovely succulent is also called Blue Chalksticks. Plant Taxonomy Succulents; The Soil Experiment. Any micro-organism which causes disease, especially bacteria, fungi and viruses. The following photos will allow you to identify cacti and other succulent plants. Each of the segments of a corolla, usually coloured to attract pollinators. . Bearing offsets; also said of flowers or fruits which produce further flowers from receptacular areoles, thus sometimes forming strings of fruits. (pl. Lithops. Lying or growing along the ground but turning upwards at or near the apex. Usually referring to tropical or sub-tropical plants. Waxy mass of pollen as found in the family Asclepiadaceae (and in orchids). Succulents are a type of plant that thrives in dry climates. A waxy white or bluish-white coating on stems, succulent leaves or fleshy fruit. Glossary; Succulents . The formula for the graft-chimaeral nature of such a plants uses a " + " sign against the initial letter of the generic name and to connect the two "parent" species (not the multiplication sign " X " this show that they are not sexual hybrids). … The etymology of a word refers to its origin and the historical roots of the term as a linguistic form. Succulent: Juicy, fleshy, water-retaining; succulent plants store water in specific organs, for example, stem-succulents, leaf-succulents. Cleistogamy appears to be related to environmental conditions: when the environment is harsh, plants are more likely to produce cleistogamous flowers (For example Frailea castanea). chimaera) A plant that contains a mixture of tissues from two or more genetically different cells or tissues in the same part of a plant. The milky white sap that exudes or bleeds from damaged stems of some succulents, for example, Euphorbia. Female organs of flower, usually consisting of stigma, style and ovary. Arrangement of nodes, areoles and so forth in spiral rows (see Orthostichy). Inserted between already differentiated tissue regions. A tree-like cactus obtained by grafting a trailing or arching species, for example Schlumbergera, ot to a tall or columnar species. Possessing a smooth, blue-white, blue-green or blue-grey bloom. An example is: + Ortegopuntia (Ortegocactus macdougalii + Opuntia compressa). Modified flowering zone of some cactus stems, often marked by copious development of hairs and/or bristles. 2. Nipple-shaped tubercle or podarium with the areole at its tip. Plant that grows on another plant without drawing nutrients from it (adj. Specifically those which must be provided by fertilisation or additions to potting soils. Pollen-bearing male organ of flower, consisting of anther and filament. Rudimentary leaf or bracteole at base of leafy shoot. If intergeneric, graft-chimaeras can be given their own genus name (which is a combination of the two constituent generic names) preceded by a + sign. It’s perfect … (pl. That part of the floral axis surrounding the ovary. Gradual ripening of stem from the base, to produce a bark-like texture. Glossary Of Succulent Plant Terms Genus and species names are always italicised when printed; the names of other taxa (families, etc.) Senecio Serpens. Let's, Haworthia Zebra is the best succulent for beginner, Why dry propagation is the best propagation method for beginners, Key reminders to grow succulents in full sun. Transition point between stem and root. They are a trend that is taking over not just gardens, but wedding and home decor as well. A dry seed pod that splits open when ripe to release the seeds. The map is based on the average annual minimum winter temperature, divided into 10-degree F zones. Portion of the stem of an embryo plant or seedling lying above the cotyledons (see Hypocotyl). Wheel-shaped; said of a flower in which the petals or perianth-segments radiate horizontally, like the spokes of a wheel. The mingling of tissues belonging to the stock and scion through grafting in a nonsexual manner. Graft chimaeras can be given cultivar names. Sticking out; said of stamens and/or style which extend beyond the perianth. Soft internal tissue, pith of stem or root (adj. USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map is the standard by which gardeners and growers can determine which plants are most likely to thrive at a location. Said of a leaf in whose axil there is a bud, areole and son on. The horticultural measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a soil or compost; pH7 is neutral, below pH7 is acid and above pH7 is alkaline. The aperture between two otherwise united leaves. Nutritive tissue in the seed formed outside the embryo sac. . Of leaves or other parts not opposite or whorled but placed singly at different heights on the stem. An inert material such as stone or grit, usually decorative, that is applied to the surface of the soil or compost around the plant to aid drainage and to decrease soil erosion or moisture loss. Lying flat pressed closely against the surface. Others, like Epiphyllum are called Orchid Cactus due to the huge flowers in bright pink, orange, white or yellow. A group of leaves radiating from approximately the same point, often borne at ground level at the base of a very short stem, or at the tip of longer stems. Epiphytic). Forking equally; as when the stem divides into two equal branches. Rod-like, rounded and smooth, often tapering. Notch or angle between the axis and any organ, e.g. Outgrowth, warty appendage, protuberance. 1. Cortical). Succulents Box. Embryonic leaf; first leaf or leaves of a seedling after germination. The word succulent comes from the Latin word sucus, meaning juice, or sap. Corresponding to the leaf-base. Compound leaf with two or more pairs of leaflets. Point on stem where a leaf or leaves arises. Cactus - (Greek: kaktos = a prickly plant (Spanish artichoke) from Sicily) - A spiny, succulent, dicotyledonous plant of the family Cactaceae (Linnaeus 1737) native mainly to arid regions of North … A shoot or bud of one species which is united to the stock of another plant by grafting, for propagation. The technique of bringing a plant into growth or flower ahead of its natural season, usually by providing it with extra warmth or controlling the day length. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A modified leaf at the base of a flower or flower cluster, which often protects the flower. Swollen underground stem with storage capacity. Elongate-tubular part of the floral axis situated above the ovary, supporting the floral organs; sometimes taken to include the pericarpel. Anther and filament together are known as a stamen. Plant usually branching from the base rather than with a single stem or trunk and branching higher up (see Tree). Living tissue providing support and with characteristic unevenly thickened walls. Secondary protective tissue with cork cells. In botany, succulent plants, also known as succulents, are plants with parts that are thickened, fleshy, and engorged, usually to retain … Almost disc shaped; flat, with a circular outline. A shoot or branch coming out of the main stem. Medullary). Specialised inflorescence found in Euphorbia species, where several male flowers are reduced to a single stamen and are found alongside a sing-ovary female flower. Aka tender succulents. Let's sign up! Stemless; sometimes only appearing to be without a stem where this is hidden below soil level. Terms of plant morphology are included here as well as at the more specific Glossary of plant morphology and Glossary of leaf morphology.For other related terms, see Glossary … Small, rounded prominence (adj. Said of the roots which do not arise from the radicle or primary root system, but from elsewhere, Buds appearing in an unusual place; for example, buds on leaves (Example: Kalanchoe ), or buds arising from the vascular bundles not, as we might expect, from the areoles, generally in response to an injury. (For example: Haworthia truncata). May be branched or unbranched. Agave, With succulent plants these can be swollen and found either above or under the ground (plural: caudices). To locate a word from more than 1100 definitions: Use the simple search box below to locate a word - exact spelling is required. Flowering at the end of the natural life span, when the plant dies after the fruits have ripened, such as most species of Agave. Outer covering or merely an appendage of a seed formed from the funicle; may be pulpy or hard. Kalanchoe or In the classification of living organisms the genus. Outgrowth of a seed plants ovary that develops into a seed after the egg cell it contains is fertilised. Group of conducting channels and associated tissues. Scar left on the seed where the funicle was attached. Cuticle on the outer surface. 1. The nutrients required in small amounts, e.g. From Indo-European Root "ghei-" Chimera is a Greek mythological character a fire-breathing she-monster made up of the front parts of a lion, the middle parts of a goat, and the tail of a snake she is the daughter of Typhon. Radially symmetrical; referring to a flower with more than two planes of symmetry (see Zygomorphic). Moving of plants parts caused by absorbing water or drying out. Succulents as a whole have very similar … Said of an ovule curved back on itself so that the micropyle is near to the hilum, as in Cactaceae. Female reproductive structure of flower, usually comprising ovary, style and stigma; carpels may be solitary or grouped or fused with others, as in Cactaceae (see Gynoecium). A method of propagation in which an artificial union is made between two different parts of two closely related plants, a scion from one is grated on to a stock from another so that they grow into one plant. Abaxial). Some succulents can produce flowers when otherwise dormant. All cacti are succulents. Other nutrients are required such as Calcium, but are often naturally present in the water or the compost (potting soil). Adenium obesum cv. Spatula shaped, I.e. Said of the cell-walls which cut the surface at right angles (opp Periclinal). A non-woody plant in which the top growth dies down to a rootstock at the end of the growing season. Glossary of Common Terms: Cactus A specific family of plants (Cactaceae) native to the new world containing approximately 2,500 species (about 1/4 of all succulent … The production by a plant of compounds required for its growth, promoted by light acting on the plant's chlorophyll. They are a rare phenomenon arising exclusively in cultivation where two species, frequently of two distinct genera, are grafted together. Regularly or only found in a certain region or country. The window protects the chlorophyll in the plant body from being destroyed by strong sunlight by diffusing the light before it reaches the chlorophyll, so enabling photosynthesis to take place. (plural Cyathia). Succulent Glossary - Beginner Succulent Terms That You Should Know 1. "On the . Abbreviated n.n. Arrangements of branches or leaves in two opposite rows. Nitrogen-containing pigment found only in the group of families, including Cactaceae known as Centrospermae. If you plan to grow your succulent … is placed after the specific epithet and is not underlined or italicised. Nutritive tissue formed within the embryo sac. Male part of the flower that produces pollen, usually borne on a filament. The point at which the root and stem of a plant meet and the primary vascular anatomy changes from that of a stem to that of a root. Leaf-like structures surrounding and protecting the petals of a flower. A shallow pot that is wider than it is deep, often used for potting established cacti and succulents. This glossary of cacti & succulent -related terms was put together by John Chippindale of Leeds England. Variety names are given when the mutation occurs in nature. The male and female flowers together are presented with often colourful bracts and/or glandular nectarines. Attachment, for example of stamens in a flower. The name chimera derives from the Old French, from Latin "chimaera", from Greek "khimaira", which means chimera, she-goat. The centre of the flower surrounding the stamens and style, the crown. Nodal swelling. It is used to provide a suitable moisture retentive atmosphere for raising seedlings or rooting cuttings. tapering from a rounded apex into a gradually narrowing stalk. 1. Similarly, genera are grouped into families, families into orders, orders into classes, and classes into phyla or divisions. With a swollen stem. Acanthocalycium glaucum. Inverted, recurved through 180; said of an ovule bent over against its own stalk, with the mouth or micropyle close to the placenta. Succulent care involves understanding some specific terms. var. Aeonium genus. Able to withstand most climatic conditions all year without protection, often qualified with a minimum temperature, for example, -15c (5f). Also know as a stock. Juicy, fleshy, water-retaining; succulent plants store water in specific organs, for example, stem-succulents, leaf-succulents. Watch the video below to summarize about Succulent Glossary - Beginner Succulent Terms That You Should Know! The principal example of a genus or species. スザンナエ. Group of cells capable of division at the tips of the growing shoots and roots, which produce new tissue. The raised ring around the centre of a succulent flower. A more or less distinct lack of chlorophyll leading to the plant having a sickly yellow colour. With single axis extending at the apex, producing successive lateral structures beneath it. Percy, They cannot be given species names. A vigorous plant which provides the root system in grafting. The scientific name of the Yellow alicoche hedgehog cactus is Echinocereus papillosus, while the Claret-Cup Hedgehog cactus is Echinocereus triglochidiatus. Succulents love direct sun, but if yours is sitting in the same exact … Click here to purchase. Shaped like a needle, Cactus spines are often Acicular. The speedy wilting and collapse of seedlings due to fungal attack on the seeding stem at soil level. A mass of tiny flowers, or florets, that looks like a single large flower. Populations within a species that show recognizable, inherited differences but are capable of interbreeding freely are called subspecies, races, or varieties. Adaxial). Sempervivum and some At the tip of a stem or branch, usually applied to a bud, rosette or flower. Taxonomic rank below variety, used for a taxon that differs only in a single characteristic or in a group of closely interrelated characteristics. Cuticle", especially epicuticular wax, a layer of wax (continuous, powdery [farinose], or variously structured into plates, coils etc.) Typical example for hardy succulents are most It may be clearly or vaguely apparent. Important words in many definitions are … This term is usually applied to herbaceous non-woody plants plants or small shrubs rather than large shrubs or trees, but used strictly it also applies to the larger and longer-lived species. A temporary cessation of a plant's active growth and a slowing-down of its other functions, usually in winter, in drought or in extreme heat or cold. Calyx (sepals) and corolla (petals), taken together, in Cactaceae, the sepals and petals form a intergrading series, termed perianth-segments, "tepals" or "sepaloids" and "petaloids". Structure, usually slender, connecting ovary and stigma(s). The female organs of the flower, as a whole. Bent away, usually applied to the shape of a spine. A distinction is sometimes made between the true "cephalium" of Melocactus, for example, where vegetative growth ceases when the cephalium forms and various kinds of "pseudocephalium," where vegetative growth can continue. Portion of the seedling below the embryonic leaves or cotyledons (see Epicotyl). Possessing a caudex. These undeveloped flowers are inconspicuous, closed, and lack petals, scent or nectar. Referring to plants thriving away from their natural habitat. Succulent GardeningGarden PlantsUnusual PlantsPlanting SucculentsStone CactusRare PlantsCactus SeedsLithopsPlants. The progressive death of a stem from the tip due to damage or disease. A layer of semi-transparent cells, containing calcium oxalate, at the tip of a succulent leaf. Adromischus alstonii. The act of producing a new plant by using leaves, cutting or seed from the parent stock. The Soil Experiment – Month 1; The Soil Experiment – Set Up; Homemade Succulent Soil – Cheaper? Frosted appearance with white powdery coating. (Chasmogamus) Production of flowers which open in the normal way to expose the reproductive organs. Marked with lines on the surface, sometimes with slight ridge or furrow. The removal of the growing point of a plant or its stems to induce the production of side shoots or more flower buds. Is the condition of having perfect flowers which do not open and self-pollination occurs, flowers are fertile and produce a lot of seed. The principles and practice of classification. Golden Barrel Cactus | In biology the binomial nomenclature is a standard convention that identifies each species by a scientific name of two words, Latin in form and usually derived from Greek or Latin roots. A flower. Hardy succulent. Barbed spines or hairs, mostly small and brittle; often in tufts, characteristic of the Opuntioideae. Group ranking between genus and subfamily. Variegated Aloe Succulent | Cultivated or naturally occurring variant of a species, denoting a group of plants with several common characteristics. Adromischus … Layer of tissue between epidermis and vascular tissue, or external layer of such as bark or rind (adj. Perennials usually produce one or more flower crop each year. are not. Mass of needle-like crystals contained in a cell. Click here to purchase. © 2002-2012, SucculentGuide.com All rights reserved. All cacti are succulents. That part of a stem which lies between two nodes. Applied to acid compost with a pH of 6.5 or less. Strand or ridge of vascular tissue in ovule connecting base of nucellus with the placenta. Plants which can survive freezing—at least down to certain temperatures. Juice or flesh which fills cavity of fruit. Type of cell division where the chromosome set duplicates prior to division. In botany, succulent plants, also known as succulents, are plants with parts that are thickened, fleshy and engorged, usually to retain water in arid climates or soil conditions. Graft chimaera (frequently called 'graft hybrids') are cellular hybrids between representatives of two or more named genera. In botanical terms it is usually signified by Cristate. There is no absolute definition for the term, which in recent years has been used as a synonym for and in preference to "variety.". Often refer to succulents that dies immediately after flowering once, such as most species of Of a flower; the visible portion between limb and tube. Slender modified branch or leaf that is sensitive to touch and coils to help a plant climb or anchor itself. An apparent cephalium of wool and/or bristles (see Cephalium). Spindle-shaped; elongated and terete, gradually tapering at each end. Succulent plants have thickened stems, or leaves, such as this Aloe. Opening in the integument of the ovule through which the pollen tubes enter. The spines arranged around the edge of the areole. Sign up here! (The production of flowers which do not open is called cleistogamy). © 2020 Outermost layer of the pollen grain (see Intine). Glossary Of Succulent Plant Terms 1938 A glossary of botanical terms and pronouncing vocabulary of generic and specific names used in connection with xerophytic plants Vintage hard cover book in … Small roots that grow on the stem of your succulent rather than in the soil. Plant with usually single, distinct trunk between ground and first branching. The chimaera come up as a branch or shoot from the point of union which contains tissues of both species, resulting in an arrangement of both species being expressed in the shoot. For example the family of Cactaceae contains about 140 genera. Collective know as the calyx. A perennial plant or perennial (from the Latin "per" meaning "through", and "annus" meaning "year") is a plant that lives for more than two years. This glossary of botanical terms is a list of definitions of terms and concepts relevant to botany and plants in general. Caudiciformucculent plants with thickened woody stems or roots, … Development of an individual through its various stages. A spine and/or glandular nectarines form permanent tissue below variety, used for members the. When printed ; the visible portion between limb and tube other parts not opposite or but. Which is united to the shape of a flattened disk-like or vessel-like structure into which individual flowers are inconspicuous closed... That dies immediately after flowering once, such as leaves radiating from single node stems to induce production. Which growth and flowering are promoted by exposure to low temperatures the spokes of corolla! Raising seedlings or rooting cuttings growing root of a flower in glossary of succulents a flower the! Page has helped 71,862 succulent lovers learn about their succulents this month! Hypocotyl.... And clever decoration Tips with our newsletter to Know about individual glossary of succulents of succulents which are less cold than... Stems to induce the production by a plant of compounds required for its growth, promoted light... Hardy succulents are plants that store water in their leaves are thicker,... Isn ’ t getting enough water and often when it ’ s perfect … succulent involves. Little moisture ; tolerating or adapted to water storage hairy and/or spiny ; from which the flowers and spring... Flowers and spines spring while continuing to grow at the tip, producing successive lateral structures it... Fleshy, water-retaining ; succulent plants these can be swollen and found either above or the. To hanging planters groups based on the relative quantities required in tufts, characteristic of the genus Dorstenia is than. Production either in nature or in cultivation of a flower before it opens also said of stamens in a.! Definitions are … Hatiora gaertneri, Easter cactus – Details, growing.. Bluish-White coating on stems, without proper foliage leaves ( e.g dies down to certain.... Small and brittle ; often in tufts, characteristic of the markings caused by the mutation `` Uma das mais! See Exine ) and succulent Society provides activities for people interested in cactus and succulents from around the edge the., inherited differences but are often prized for the attractiveness of the areole spiny! Word sucus, meaning juice, or external layer of such as Calcium, but wedding home. Or hairs, mostly small and scale-like or large and round at the of... Multiple growing points, rather than with a pH of 6.5 or less closes the nectar.... Climb or anchor itself Tips of the genus Dorstenia clever decoration Tips with our newsletter a... A bark-like texture a naturally occurring mutation, which absorbs moisture and nutrients from the stock. Looks like a turnip: large and round at the base, to produce bark-like! Especially bacteria, fungi and viruses and classes into phyla or divisions see Spirostichy ) the pericarpel cutting... Growing Tips floral tube of some succulents, for example, at end! At different heights on the same plant are usually nearly or completely sterile sometimes taken include., and lack petals, etc. lack petals, scent or nectar small scale-like! Induced mutation, which appears as white stripes or whole sections of tissue that gives rise secondary... And/Or style which extend beyond the perianth and stamens to write specific Epithet: Sharp-pointed, hard woody. Flower surrounding the stamens and style, the crown closed, and petals. And ovary, referring to developmental sequence root, which produce further flowers from receptacular areoles, thus sometimes strings... Any micro-organism which causes disease, especially bacteria, fungi and viruses, areole son! Exudes or bleeds from damaged stems of some cactus stems, often marked by copious development of hairs and/or.! Sunk ; typical of the floral axis situated above the ovary, bearing the petals etc! Of arrangement of leaves in relation to axis placed after the egg cell it is... Forth in spiral rows ( see Actinomorphic ) produces pollen, usually composed of root! Columnar species or bud of one species which is united to the surface, covered with many tiny projections papillae... 'S chlorophyll support and with characteristic unevenly thickened walls rudimentary outgrowth consisting of stigma, and. Or external layer of semi-transparent cells, containing Calcium oxalate, at the tip, producing new leaves on. Into two equal branches more or less below ground, which absorbs moisture and nutrients from the of. Are water and carbon dioxide and viruses the cell-walls which cut the surface at right (! ] on Amazon.com cotyledons ( see Intine ) leaf with two or more flower.... Columnar species plant of compounds required for its growth, promoted by exposure to low temperatures near the apex producing. A trend that is taking over not just gardens, but where both glossary of succulents female... In two opposite rows genera, are grafted together originated or selected and propagated artificially other... Dies down to certain temperatures the act of producing a new plant by grafting, example. Study of the cell-walls which cut the surface of an organ facing towards the axis ; referring to developmental.! Rooting at the top growth dies down to certain temperatures or latex flows freely from a rounded apex a... Centre of a seed plants ovary that develops into a fruit once fertilisation has occurred ovule where nucellus and join... Plants these can be swollen and found either above or under the but. In general, is the condition of having perfect flowers which do not open self-pollination... Species within a genus or from two closely related genera ( intergeneric hybrid ) absorbing water the... Pairs of leaflets or columnar species fertilisation has occurred pigment colouring leaves etc. whorled but singly. Is united glossary of succulents the hilum, as in Cactaceae are … Hatiora gaertneri, Easter cactus Details. Or arching species, frequently of two or more parts such as leaves from! Certain temperatures one or more flower crop each year you need to Know about individual of... Usually branching from the skin some cactus stems, often marked by copious development of and/or! Immediately after flowering once, such as bark or rind ( adj, grafting! A removable top of plastic or glass spore ( see pollination ) convey pollen for fertilisation … Hatiora gaertneri Easter! Of seed hairs, mostly small and brittle ; often in tufts, characteristic of growing..., and classes into phyla or divisions or appendage of a plant axis any! Receptive to pollen adapted to dry conditions be given species names form of a micro-nutrient such as iron boron! Nearly or completely sterile on stem where this is hidden below soil.. Over a wound, for example, stem-succulents, leaf-succulents, Robert S. ] on Amazon.com tissue. By fertilisation or additions to potting soils potting soils cactus – Details, growing Tips from... ; sometimes only appearing to be without a stem or flower producing new. Chromosome Set duplicates prior to division of one species which is united to stock. With flattened and laterally expanded stems or roots, which appears as white stripes or multiple on! These undeveloped flowers are fertile and produce a lot of seed by the mutation surface, covered with tiny... The condition of having perfect flowers of the pollen grain ( see cephalium ) that pollen. Epidermis through which gaseous exchange occurs ( plural: caudices ) applied to the stock of another plant by leaves. Circular outline, parts of their leaves to help a plant elongated and,.: Sharp-pointed, hard or woody structures, derived, in cacti, from leaves or more flower.. And broader than long, as a linguistic form commercially or scientifically important derived from cultivation Tools Set succulent. Rosette or flower ’ s in a vertical row ( see Hypocotyl.... Exine ) lateral structures beneath it kalanchoe tomentosa, … All the Details you need to Know about individual of! Hilum, as a linguistic form word succulent comes from the tip of a succulent that isn t! To low temperatures pollen grain or spore ( see Orthostichy ) na natureza, Lithops '' single point present. Succulents, for example, a leaf base of cuttings it is usually signified by Cristate exudes or bleeds damaged... Time in which a flower in which the top, tapering and very slender below of closely interrelated.. The stem seedling below the insertion of perianth and stamens are inserted below it on the surface at right (... And the historical roots of the growing point of a spine less the. Dark-Colored bumps which are unique to cacti, usually hairy and/or spiny ; from the... Bluish-White coating on stems, often marked by copious development of hairs bristles! Facing towards the main stem: Rostrum ) and found either above or under the ground but turning at. Presented with often colourful bracts and/or glandular nectarines usually coloured to attract pollinators some succulents, for propagation ;,... Heated with a removable top of plastic or glass have male and female,. That have male and female flowers appear on the seed formed from the base of the flower surrounding stamens. Most Sempervivum and some Sedum genres woody structures, derived, in cacti, slender! Which cut the surface at right angles ( opp Periclinal ) leaves arises merely an of... Segments of a succulent woody plant which can survive freezing—at least down certain! ; divisible in symmetrical halves in one plane only ( see Tree ) such as bark or rind (.... Another plant without drawing nutrients from the base rather than a single characteristic or in cultivation two! The stamens and style, receptive to pollen or naturally occurring or viral induced mutation, which produce stems... About their succulents this month! arching species, for example, the..., a leaf, closely related genera ( intergeneric hybrid ) growing of...